Movement System Impairment Syndromes

Movement System Impairment Syndromes are the focus of an approach to physical therapy that was developed by Dr. Shirley A Sahrmann, PhD, PT and her associates at the Program in Physical Therapy at Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, Missouri. The analysis and treatment of movement systems impairments are founded in principles of […]

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Neurodevelopmental Treatment (NDT)

Originated by Karel and Berta Bobath in the 1960s, NDT has since evolved to incorporate emerging theories of sensorimotor learning, and uses guided or facilitated movements as a treatment strategy to ensure correlation with input from tactile, vestibular, and somatosensory receptors within the body. These assumptions (among others) are inherent in NDT : Primary problems […]

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Perception-Action (PA) Therapy

(Formerly Tcharnuter Akademie for Motor organization – TAMO) P-A holds that perception is an active process of seeking information about the environment through all available sensory channels. All human senses can thus be considered as perceptual systems. [1] A perception-action loop is one in which perception guides actions which are necessary for gathering the perceptual […]

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Sensory Integration (SI) Therapy

Roley et al (2007) explained the SI theories and approach, and reviewed the work of its originator, A. Jean Ayers PhD, OTR. [1] Drawing on motor control theories, Ayres proposed these hypotheses that underscored her treatment approaches: Perceptual awareness supports and facilitates occupational engagement. Motor learning is influenced by, if not dependent upon, incoming sensation. […]

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Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)

PNF techniques were developed by Sister Elizabeth Kenney, an Australian nurse for people with polio, Dr. Herman Kabat, neurophysiologist and physician, Maggie Knott, PT, and Dorothy Voss. The techniques are designed to help develop muscular strength and endurance, joint stability, mobility, neuromuscular control and coordination–all of which are aimed at improving the overall functional ability […]

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Mechanisms of Action

TheraTogs™ orthotic systems are comprised of elasticized undergarments and a selection of straps that can be applied to the body and limbs to help to carry on the effects of a successful therapy session into daily life. The primary premise for deciding whether TheraTogs systems are appropriate for any client is this: If the clinician […]

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